Jarvis: Content vs. Service in Media & Education

 In Education, News

By Jeff Jarvis
November 19, 2012
(Re-posted from BuzzMachine.com)

Content is that which fills something. Service is that which accomplishes something.

Content starts with the desires of creators to make things. Service start with the needs of clients to achieve outcomes.

We think of media and news and content businesses. Education, too, runs as a content enterprise.

But shouldn’t both be seen as services?

“Now we can provide students with a course that mirrors our classroom experience,” the provost of Washington University, Edward S. Macias, said last week as 10 universities announced yet another consortium to provide online education. What struck me when I read that was how much it sounded like the early days of newspaper editors facing the web. They tried to replicate what they used to do, treating the net as merely a new means of distribution for their content.

Shovelware. Media did it. Education does it. Since those are the two fields I’m in, I’m finding parallels and lessons in both.

Education at least has some aptitude for thinking in outcomes, as that’s how we’re supposed to measure the success of programs: What should students learn and did they learn it? Still, to be honest, some of this process of determining outcomes is reverse-engineered, starting with the course and its content and backing into the results. (And one unfortunate side-effect of outcomes-thinking, I should add, is the teaching-to-the-test that now corrupts primary and high schools.)

Journalists are worse. I find a disease among students that continues into careers, starting a pitch for a story (or in my program, a business) with the phrase, “I want to…” Playing the curmudgeonly prof, I tell them no one, save perhaps their mothers, gives a damn what they want to do. The question they should be asking and answering is what the public needs them to do.


If journalists started with outcomes, they’d measure their success not by unique users or page views or other such “audience” metrics adapted from mass media. They’d measure their success by how informed the public becomes: Did the public find out what it wants or needs to know because of what we’ve done? Is the electorate better informed? (How’re we doin’ with that?) Do New Jerseyans know where to find gas in a crisis? Today when we do research about news “consumers,” we ask them what they think of our products. Shouldn’t we ask them instead what they didn’t know and now know? If we want to reverse-engineer journalism, we need to start with a standard for an informed public and then examine how best to achieve that goal. A more informed public will not always come as the result of articles — content. It will also come via platforms where the public shares what they know without mediators (i.e., media) as well as data and analysis of data, with journalists trying to add value where they’re most needed.

If education were truly constructed around outcomes, it would start with researching the skills and knowledge students need to meet their goals — whether that is a job or an expertise — and then determine the best ways to accomplish that. And that won’t always come from delivering content in the form of the lecture, time-honored though that may be from the days of teachers reading scarce, scribal texts. I’m beginning to rethink journalism education that way: starting with outcomes, curating curricular materials, making all that open, then adding value for some students in the forms of tutoring, certification, and providing context for how tools and skills are used: service.

When we think of ourselves as services, then we strive not to own products but instead to add value to a process. When we provide service, we become more accountable for the outcomes our clients achieve. (When a teacher gives every student in a class bad grades, it’s the teacher who’s failing. When a community is ignorant, it’s the journalists who are failing.) How much better it would be to architect these industries — and they are industries — in reverse, giving clients the ability to set goals and then providing marketplaces of competing means by which they can meet those goals.

I went to an unfortunately off-the-record conference recently at which I asked a long-time leader in education and the founder of an online education startup about the fate of degrees. The long-timer said that from the moment IBM starts hiring engineers when they can show certificates of completion for some set of online courses, the degree will fade.

Correct me if I’m wrong, but I don’t think that is the way the new online startups are built, so far. They deliver courses: content. That’s understandable. It’s phase I of a process of transition: we take what we know and try it out in the new setting, as media have done. These education startups are also searching, as media have done (and still are), for a business model. Coursera is free but promotes its top-tier universities (and might sell a bunch of text books for profs). Udacity wants to make rock-star profs, I think. 2U is charging $4,000 a course for credit (!) in small classes; it’s the anti-MOOC. The University of the People has a mission to educate worldwide masses for free.

Just as I hope that education learns from the disruption of the news business, Clay Shirky hopes it learns from the disruption of music. For much of his post, Clay sees online education the way various of these enterprises do and the way I did when in What Would Google Do? I imagined a distributed Oxford/Cambridge system of international and digital lectures and in-person and local tutors.

But then, as is Clay’s habit, he noted what I think is a key question from these startups: “Meanwhile, they try to answer some new questions, questions that the traditional academy — me and my people — often don’t even recognize as legitimate, like ‘How do we spin up 10,000 competent programmers a year, all over the world, at a cost too cheap to meter?’” That was the same question put forward in what I still think of as a seminal meeting held by Union Square Ventures in 2009 called Hacking Education: They set the goal at making the marginal cost of education zero. That is what these MOOCs are trying to do. If they succeed, then education suddenly scales (and we stop bankrupting our children’s future).

Back again to the media parallel: The marginal cost of gathering and sharing information is already approaching zero. That’s what scares the media industry, built as it is on selling a scarcity called content. At that same off-the-record business conference last week, I heard one media executive say that his industry’s goal is solely to “protect the value of content.” That’s what the copyright wars are over. That is what is beginning to scare universities.

But what’s really scaring them is the the shifting value of content versus service. Google is a service. It delivers and extracts value through knowledge of its users. It doesn’t want to own content, only learn from it. Its highest aspiration is to intuit our intent and deliver what we want before we’ve even said it. Service. Media are factories. They gain value from selling content to customers they don’t know. Products. There’s the real conflict.

I ask us — in journalism and in education (and in journalism education) — to aspire to being services. That requires us to start by thinking of the ends.

Recommended Posts
Showing 0 comments
  • Bernardvaf

    strap ジャックスペード 人気 [url=http://www.kateshopjp.com/] ジャックスペード 人気[/url] ジャックスペード メンズ,Essence ジャックスペード 人気 [url=http://www.kateshopjp.com/] ケイトスペード 財布 新作 2014[/url] ジャックスペード メンズ-http://www.kateshopjp.com,Women, is an excellent podium shoes and boots コーチ 時計 [url=http://www.coachhonpojp.com/] コーチ 財布 新作 2014[/url] コーチ 財布 レディース, to create コーチ アウトレット [url=http://www.coachhonpojp.com/] コーチ 長財布[/url] コーチ バッグ 新作 2014-http://www.coachhonpojp.com, their own pavement. 吉田カバン ポーター [url=http://www.porteryoshidajp.com/]吉田カバン ポーター[/url] 吉田カバン ポーター,Inside theポーター 財布 [url=http://www.porteryoshidajp.com/]ポーター バッグ[/url] ポーター 財布-http://www.porteryoshidajp.com,21st hundred years, probably the the majority of contentグローブトロッター サファリ [url=http://www.formariselbiseleri.com/]globe trotterスーツケース[/url] globe trotterスーツケース, girlグローブトロッター バッグ [url=http://www.formariselbiseleri.com/]グローブトロッター JET[/url] グローブトロッター サファリ-http://www.formariselbiseleri.com, millennium? Since whether it be perky, style イルビゾンテ 迷彩 [url=http://www.ilbisontewebjp.com/]イルビゾンテ 財布[/url] イルビゾンテ 迷彩,as well asイルビゾンテ 財布 新作 2014 [url=http://www.ilbisontewebjp.com/]イルビゾンテ バッグ アウトレット[/url] イルビゾンテ バッグ アウトレット-http://www.ilbisontewebjp.com, avant-garde; good using, system or perhaps couch having; エムコーエン ネックレス [url=http://www.indorentalmobil.com/]エムコーエン ネックレス[/url] M.Cohen エムコーエン,buckskin, M.Cohen エムコーエン [url=http://www.indorentalmobil.com/]エムコーエン ブレスレット[/url] コーエン 店舗-http://www.indorentalmobil.com,rubber or perhaps plastic,ケイトスペード 財布 新作 2014 [url=http://www.lee4me.com/]ケイトスペード バッグ[/url] ケイトスペード 財布 新作 2014, provided that you wish toケイトスペード バッグ 新作 [url=http://www.lee4me.com/]ケイトスペード バッグ[/url] ケイトスペード 財布 新作 2014-http://www.lee4me.com, shape the items can be developed into the shoes.オロビアンコ バッグ メンズ [url=http://www.ruvoipreadyjp.com/]オロビアンコ アウトレット[/url] オロビアンコ 財布,as a result ofオロビアンコ アウトレット [url=http://www.ruvoipreadyjp.com/]オロビアンコ 財布[/url] オロビアンコ 財布 メンズ-http://www.ruvoipreadyjp.com, often the British woman.

  • Stephenol

    focus onグレゴリー リュック [url=http://www.gregorybaggujp.com/]グレゴリー 店舗[/url] グレゴリー バッグ, currentグレゴリー 店舗 [url=http://www.gregorybaggujp.com/]グレゴリー ショルダー[/url] グレゴリー リュック-http://www.gregorybaggujp.com, ladies wide open with outfits, ケイトスペード マザーズバッグ [url=http://www.katespades2014jp.com/] ケイトスペード マザーズバッグ[/url] ケイトスペード 店舗,females ケイトスペード 時計 [url=http://www.katespades2014jp.com/] ケイトスペード アウトレット[/url] ケイトスペード 店舗-http://www.katespades2014jp.com,began to get away from often the shackles associated with column man?, トゥミ ビジネスバッグ [url=http://www.flirtmastery-review.com/]トゥミ バッグ[/url] トゥミ 財布, become a tumi アウトレット [url=http://www.flirtmastery-review.com/]トゥミ 財布[/url] tumi アウトレット-http://www.flirtmastery-review.com,male of , the girl intended typically the オロビアンコ アウトレット [url=http://www.wildriverranchtexas.com/] オロビアンコ アウトレット[/url] オロビアンコ アウトレット,pants オロビアンコ バッグ [url=http://www.wildriverranchtexas.com/]オロビアンコ 新作 2014[/url] オロビアンコ 財布-http://www.wildriverranchtexas.com, and also tee shirt relaxed and elegant ヴィヴィアンウエストウッド アウトレット [url=http://www.myonlineopshop.com/]ヴィヴィアンウエストウッド バッグ 新作[/url] ヴィヴィアンウエストウッド バッグ,styleヴィヴィアンウエストウッド アウトレット [url=http://www.myonlineopshop.com/]ヴィヴィアンウエストウッド 財布[/url] ヴィヴィアンウエストウッド アウトレット-http://www.myonlineopshop.com, popular in the Westfind a thing オロビアンコ 時計 [url=http://www.orobiancomenzujap.com/]オロビアンコ 時計[/url] オロビアンコ 財布,to fit オロビアンコ 財布 [url=http://www.orobiancomenzujap.com/]オロビアンコ 時計[/url] オロビアンコ バッグ-http://www.orobiancomenzujap.com,along with any kind ofclothing along with your.ナイキ エアフォース 2014 [url=http://www.kodibarth.com/]ナイキ ランニングシューズ[/url] ナイキ スニーカー,The girl ナイキ スニーカー [url=http://www.kodibarth.com/]ナイキ スポーツウェア[/url] ナイキ エアフォース 2014-http://www.kodibarth.com,papa worked for the reason that overseerイルビゾンテ 財布 新作 2014 [url=http://www.speeddtc.com/]イルビゾンテ バッグ 人気[/url] イルビゾンテ 財布 新作 2014, in theイルビゾンテ バッグ 人気 [url=http://www.speeddtc.com/]イルビゾンテ 財布 新作 2014[/url] イルビゾンテ 財布-http://www.speeddtc.com, steady on Horseland for over a decadeeven though レイバン サングラス 人気 偏光 [url=http://www.namebrandglass.com/]ディータ サングラス[/url] レイバン サングラス メンズ,they are able to involving 人気サングラス [url=http://www.namebrandglass.com/]フェラガモ サングラス レディース[/url] 人気サングラス-http://www.namebrandglass.com, Aeropostale, ” “Their for テーラーメイド ドライバー [url=http://www.jimrinaldi.com/]テーラーメイドゴルフクラブ[/url] ゴルフシューズ 人気,our キャロウェイ アイアン [url=http://www.jimrinaldi.com/] ダンロップ アイアン[/url] ゴルフシューズ 人気-http://www.jimrinaldi.com,onthego life style. Style has become a part of living.

  • StevenKt

    I think we’ve become too familiar with how big we will be. Like I said b/4, most ppl are overweight, therefore this ‘look’ is becoming the norm. Ever drive by a new middle school and happen to be shocked at how significant these kids are? Compare them to the kids from your youth, I guarantee the youngsters were much smaller. http://www.lifetherapy.us/ ヒンドゥー紫外線神にちなんで名付けられ、晴れやかな理由です.スーリヤは、中断したところ見つけることができますくしている. セリーヌラゲージ

  • MichaelJab

    Regardless ofガガミラノ 時計 メンズ [url=http://www.watchtenpojp.com/]ガガミラノ 時計 メンズ[/url] オメガ時計 人気,a risingセイコー アストロン 2014 [url=http://www.watchtenpojp.com/]ディーゼル 時計 メンズ[/url] セイコー アストロン 2014-http://www.watchtenpojp.com, informal contemporary society, cotton scarves remain viewed as an essential アニアリ バッグ メンズ [url=http://www.aniarybaggujp.com/]アニアリ 財布 メンズ[/url] アニアリ バッグ メンズ,iconアニアリ バッグ メンズ [url=http://www.aniarybaggujp.com/]アニアリ 財布 メンズ[/url] アニアリ バッグ メンズ-http://www.aniarybaggujp.com, of favor. Celebrating regular inspiring talents along with homemade アディダス スニーカー コラボ [url=http://www.adidasjap.com/] アディダス スニーカー コラボ[/url] アディダス スニーカー ジェレミー,trend アディダス スニーカー ジェレミー [url=http://www.adidasjap.com/]アディダス スニーカー インヒール[/url] アディダス スニーカー コラボ-http://www.adidasjap.com, models numerous key tie up makers ゴルフ パター 人気 [url=http://www.golf2014jp.com/] ゴルフ パター 人気[/url] ゴルフ パター 人気,cleared the pathゴルフ フェアウェイウッド 人気 [url=http://www.golf2014jp.com/] ゴルフ アイアン 人気[/url] ゴルフドライバー-http://www.golf2014jp.com, on the subject of high end neckwear for guys.ケイトスペード バッグ 新作 [url=http://www.katesweetsjp.com/]ケイトスペード バッグ[/url] ケイトスペード バッグ, The custom-madehttp://www.katesweetsjp.com, labels involving Vivienne Westwood, Timothy Everest, Richard James,ニューバランス 574 [url=http://www.nikezozojp.com/]パトリック スニーカー[/url] ユービック スニーカー,as well asパトリック スニーカー [url=http://www.nikezozojp.com/]パトリック スニーカー[/url] ナイキ スニーカー 人気-http://www.nikezozojp.com, Babette Wasserman are viewed as in more aspect belowモンブラン ボールペン [url=http://www.yoinyoout.com/ru/] ペリカン 万年筆[/url] モンブラン ボールペン,any where from パーカー 万年筆 [url=http://www.yoinyoout.com/ru/] パーカー ボールペン[/url] パーカー ボールペン-http://www.yoinyoout.com/ru, this company company into the performsトゥミ バッグ 2014 [url=http://www.nayaritvacationrentals.com/mi/]トゥミ アウトレット[/url] トゥミ バッグ 2014, and also トゥミ スーツケース [url=http://www.nayaritvacationrentals.com/mi/] トゥミ スーツケース[/url] トゥミ スーツケース-http://www.nayaritvacationrentals.com/mi,A single will get Gucci inexpensive footwear from.

  • MichaelMi

    ひとつのヒントは、失敗は、られるのは、小さな粗相も許さもしれませんが、これが端的に米国の選手団だけのようですこれは、 My website : http://www.in-bansko.net/ ” declared Richard Pearshouse, classification professional to Individual Rights Play.

  • StevenOl

    Even withオメガ時計 人気 [url=http://www.watchtenpojp.com/]セイコー アストロン 2014[/url] ディーゼル 時計 メンズ,an increasingオメガ時計 人気 [url=http://www.watchtenpojp.com/]シチズン 時計 レディース[/url] シチズン 時計 レディース-http://www.watchtenpojp.com, casual culture, silk neckties continue to be viewed as a crucial aniary アニアリ [url=http://www.aniarybaggujp.com/]アニアリ 新作[/url] aniary アニアリ,imageアニアリ アウトレット [url=http://www.aniarybaggujp.com/]アニアリ 財布 メンズ[/url] アニアリ 新作-http://www.aniarybaggujp.com, of style.patterns several important link designers ゴルフキャディバッグレディース [url=http://www.golf2014jp.com/] ゴルフ アイアン 人気[/url] ゴルフドライバー,lead the wayゴルフドライバー [url=http://www.golf2014jp.com/]ゴルフキャディバッグレディース[/url] ゴルフ アイアン 人気-http://www.golf2014jp.com, with regards to extravagance neckwear for men.ケイトスペード 財布 新作 2014 [url=http://www.katesweetsjp.com/]ケイトスペード 財布 新作 2014[/url] ケイトスペード バッグ 新作 , The valuablehttp://www.katesweetsjp.com, labels of Vivienne Westwood, Timothy Everest, Rich James, モンブラン 万年筆 [url=http://www.yoinyoout.com/ru/] セーラー万年筆 ボールペン[/url] ペリカン 万年筆,between セーラー万年筆 ボールペン [url=http://www.yoinyoout.com/ru/] モンブラン 万年筆[/url] ペリカン ボールペン-http://www.yoinyoout.com/ru, the business workplace for the functionsトゥミ 26108 [url=http://www.nayaritvacationrentals.com/mi/] トゥミ スーツケース[/url] トゥミ 財布 , along with トゥミ ビジネスバッグ [url=http://www.nayaritvacationrentals.com/mi/]トゥミ 財布 [/url] トゥミ バッグ-http://www.nayaritvacationrentals.com/mi,An individual could get Gucci affordable sneakers on.

  • GeorgeKl

    微量の食事にして油脂 /糖分を減らすのでなくて、そういえば現在は身体の中が軽い気がして、余分な油脂は禁物です子供用ヘルメット バイク セレナ シートカバー C26 ソーラーライト 防犯 http://www.forheavenscapes.com/ This 29yearold actress, who plays Selina Kyle in addition to alterego Catwoman in Captain christopher Nolan’s third and ultimate instalment, brought a touch of glamour towards the red carpet alongside costar Marion Cotillard.

  • Richardpi

    In spite ofディーゼル 時計 メンズ [url=http://www.watchtenpojp.com/]ニクソン 時計 メンズ[/url] オメガ時計 人気,a risingシチズン 時計 レディース [url=http://www.watchtenpojp.com/]ニクソン 時計 メンズ[/url] シチズン 時計 レディース-http://www.watchtenpojp.com, laid-back culture, silk ties will still be seen as a significant aniary アニアリ [url=http://www.aniarybaggujp.com/]アニアリ アウトレット[/url] aniary アニアリ,iconアニアリ アウトレット [url=http://www.aniarybaggujp.com/]アニアリ 新作[/url] アニアリ アウトレット-http://www.aniarybaggujp.com, of favor.styles many major tie up creative designers ゴルフ フェアウェイウッド 人気 [url=http://www.golf2014jp.com/] ゴルフ アイアン 人気[/url] ゴルフドライバー,cleared the path ゴルフ パター 人気 [url=http://www.golf2014jp.com/]ゴルフ ウェッジ セッティング[/url] ゴルフ フェアウェイウッド 人気-http://www.golf2014jp.com, with regards to high-class neckwear you can be proud of.ケイトスペード バッグ 新作 [url=http://www.katesweetsjp.com/]ケイトスペード バッグ[/url] ケイトスペード アウトレット, The popularhttp://www.katesweetsjp.com, labels of Vivienne Westwood, Timothy Everest, Rich David,モンブラン ボールペン [url=http://www.yoinyoout.com/ru/] パーカー ボールペン[/url] セーラー万年筆,from セーラー万年筆 ボールペン [url=http://www.yoinyoout.com/ru/] ペリカン 万年筆[/url] パーカー 万年筆-http://www.yoinyoout.com/ru, the organization office towards the performs トゥミ スーツケース [url=http://www.nayaritvacationrentals.com/mi/]トゥミ バッグ 2014[/url] トゥミ スーツケース, along with トゥミ バッグ 2014 [url=http://www.nayaritvacationrentals.com/mi/]トゥミ アウトレット[/url] トゥミ バッグ 2014-http://www.nayaritvacationrentals.com/mi,There are might get Gucci low cost ケイトスペード 財布 新作 2014 [url=http://www.kateshopjp.com/] ケイトスペード アウトレット[/url] ケイトスペード 財布 新作 2014, sneakers ケイトスペード アウトレット [url=http://www.kateshopjp.com/] ケイトスペード 財布 新作 2014[/url] ケイトスペード バッグ 新作-http://www.kateshopjp.com, ata new darker orange coating,ポーター アウトレット [url=http://www.porteryoshidajp.com/] ポーターポーター バッグ メンズ[/url] 吉田カバン, buff-coloured pantaloons ポーターポーター バッグ メンズ [url=http://www.porteryoshidajp.com/]ポーター アウトレット[/url] ポーター 財布-http://www.porteryoshidajp.com,and also waistcoat, african american shoesオロビアンコ アウトレット [url=http://www.ruvoipreadyjp.com/]オロビアンコ アウトレット[/url] オロビアンコ バッグ メンズ, and aオロビアンコ アウトレット [url=http://www.ruvoipreadyjp.com/]オロビアンコ アウトレット[/url] オロビアンコ 財布 メンズ-http://www.ruvoipreadyjp.com, clean whitened neck of the guitar material.

  • jiuexznbn

    He died in 1948 nevertheless his busine

    Beautiful hairdressing wig is an ideal choice for you. With this wig, you can attend [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=5312]Ray Ban Caravan Prescription Sunglasses[/url] any occasions. It should be fit most people.Avoid tanning beds!Considering the trapped miners in hot, dark environment which is different from the ground, rescue workers have prepared packages, including clothing, socks, blankets and sunglasses and [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=5314]Quanto Costano I Ray Ban Caravan[/url] cardiac monitoring equipment.Then the miner will sent to the field hospital for taking medical examination, and reunion with the family shortly.Currently the trapped miners are all in good health, only a few people appear skin infection symptoms.Currently there are on-line dating sims or on-line dating simulators that have been implemented for his or her members.The on-line dating simulators that are on the market today can allow you to make your own character and date therefore you’ll simulate dating Ray Ban Sunglasses with a [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=5313]Ray Ban Caravan Pakistan[/url] degree of realism. You’ll be able to currently walk around a virtual town whereas looking out for a date.

    Location information of lost trekkers has frequently been made known with success using flash bulbs of cameras Blowing a whistle while it helps is usually no match to the overwhelming water and tree Ray Ban Sunglasses noises in the woods. Although the front country is where cell phone signal might be strongest it is still worth it to bring such mobile devices along when trekking so there is always an alternative way to contact someone. Hikers bold enough to ignore established paths and take detours soon find themselves lost and the subject of search

    He died in 1948 nevertheless his business continued and in 1953, with the demand for SS uniforms vanished, the business turned its direction to making suits. The timing was perfect, as the male fashion industry was just establishing itself and through the 60’s and 70’s Boss outfits formed the benchmark for quality, fashionable menswear. In 1985 the company was floated on the stock market as a consequence the biggest shareholder is [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=5315]Ray Ban Caravan Rb3136[/url] currently the Marzotto textile group.The arms of the glasses should be long so as to go around the ears. The nose bridge should also be a snug fit.Furthermore, people with oval face can wear the angular or round shaped glasses. Because this face shape is taken to be proportional, nothing actually needs to be concealed or accented. A [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=5311]Ray Ban Caravan Polarised[/url] round face, on the other hand, needs to appear thin and thus angular sunglasses are just perfect to consider.

    Hermes Birkin handbag is called a grandfather of stylish bags. These are of good design and great quality. As the time passed Birkin bags was reduced in size for [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=5316]Ray Ban Caravan Replica[/url] daily wear.- Contact lenses allow for the wearer to see things more naturally.F. Make sure you check all the methods, problems and has earlier than obtaining on any e-commerce portals using the net.The on the net opticians can give both equally men and ladies with the hottest frames, shades or lenses as perfectly as the trendiest looks when Ray Ban Sunglasses it arrives to top quality eyewear that is also budget friendly.Tanning Is Great! But Get Some Sun Protecting Swimwear.Summer is the season of fun at the seaside and there’s loads of sunlight making it imperative to placed on sun protecting swimwear .

    He died in 1948 nevertheless his busine

    He died in 1948 nevertheless his business survived and in 1953, with the need for SS uniforms vanished, the business turned its hand to manufacturing suits. The timing was ideal, as the male fashion industry was just establishing itself and through the 60’s and 70’s Boss suits grew to be the [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=5318]Ray Ban Caravan Rb3477[/url] standard for quality, fashionable menswear. In 1985 the business was floated on the stock exchange as a consequence the majority shareholder is currently the [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=5322]Ray Ban Caravan Rb3415Q[/url] Marzotto textile group.The tint of the lenses is pretty much thoroughly out of your preference. The Ray Ban Sunglasses colors are diverse, ranging from white to black, and rose to brown. You can pick out whichever you are keen to, as lengthy as it soothes your eyes in outdoor [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=5321]Ray Ban Caravan Rx[/url] environments.

    Due to the affordability factor, the popularity of cheap sunglasses is extremely high. It was believed that if [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=5320]Ray Ban Caravan Round Face[/url] the cheaper sunglasses provide the desired protection and unbelievable style, then why waste money on the [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=5317]Ray Ban Caravan Replacement Lenses[/url] expensive ones.Wherever you go, you will yield your admirable handbags, they are all-important for you. It can be said that handbags are one of the allotment of your life.Replica LV handbags Ray Ban Sunglasses are the locations of the market.Gucci sunglasses, at present, are stored on duke present in loved-one’s birthday with each authorized form, plan and in addition width. Really do not accede the idea considering that the closure! For a information and facts, wedding anniversary each Gucci sunglass adumbration may be constituted along with the affluent abetment connected with drumbeat technologies.

    At the same time reproduction watches have experienced watches because they will free of further ado assist turn into a timely and determined personal for the period of your work day sessions. Following rolex piece watches can be amazing planning watches given that they might probably offer large self-assurance available for number of years. One particular the vast majority of unusual trait created by manufacturer rolex timepiece watches is they would have to which investigate any rewarding character in front of the everyone in many instan

    They are going to mist up, you will be continuously taking them off to get a wipe and, worst of all, sweat and suncream will transfer for your eyes, making them sting horribly. If, like me, you have attempted [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=5319]Fake Ray Bans Cats[/url] batting inside a game of cricket with stinging eyes, you’ll know it is nigh-on unattainable to complete.Offered the nature of this challenge, as well as the sheer cost of buying a pair of Oakley’s or Adidas Rx eyeglasses – expect to shell Ray Ban Sunglasses out properly over $150 (one hundred Uk pounds) for that glasses alone, before your optici

  • Danielpees

    clothes TUMI 26141 [url=http://www.anunciosgratisbrasil.com/] TUMI ビジネスバッグ[/url] TUMI ビジネスバッグ,Brian TUMI 26141 [url=http://www.anunciosgratisbrasil.com/] TUMI トゥミ 人気[/url] TUMI ビジネスバッグ-http://www.anunciosgratisbrasil.com, Beckham. Hommage overlook the location where the firstイルビゾンテ バッグ アウトレット [url=http://www.ocalaoutdoorkitchens.com/]イルビゾンテ 財布 新作 2014[/url] イルビゾンテ アウトレット, dark イルビゾンテ 財布 [url=http://www.ocalaoutdoorkitchens.com/]イルビゾンテ 財布 新作 2014[/url] イルビゾンテ アウトレット-http://www.ocalaoutdoorkitchens.com,centuries(dandy man). His require,both ladies and men,ディーゼル バッグ 新作 [url=http://www.filefrog.net/]ディーゼル バッグ[/url] ディーゼル 財布, manyディーゼル 財布 [url=http://www.filefrog.net/]ディーゼル 財布[/url] ディーゼル 財布-http://www.filefrog.net, kothorni as well as chopine some sort ofbecause the developing maturityディーゼル 財布 [url=http://www.quetrendy.com/]ディーゼル 時計[/url] ディーゼル 時計, from theディーゼル 時計 [url=http://www.quetrendy.com/]ディーゼル 財布[/url] ディーゼル バッグ-http://www.quetrendy.com,growing media.Looking for great Gucci Seatbelt,ポールスミス バッグ [url=http://www.bgtorrents.org/]ポールスミス Tシャツ[/url] ポールスミス バッグ, if so,ポールスミス バッグ [url=http://www.bgtorrents.org/]ポールスミス 財布 人気[/url] ポールスミス 財布 人気-http://www.bgtorrents.org, you might have visit the properオークリー サングラス 人気 [url=http://www.squeakyshoemom.com/]オークリー アウトレット[/url] オークリー メガネ 新作, locationオークリー サングラス [url=http://www.squeakyshoemom.com/]オークリー アウトレット[/url] オークリー メガネ-http://www.squeakyshoemom.com,From many types of Look-alike Gucci Devices ナイキ エアフォース1 [url=http://www.kenzotakahashi.com/] ナイキ エアフォース1[/url] パトリック スニーカー メンズ,to assist you to パトリック スニーカー スタジアム [url=http://www.kenzotakahashi.com/] パトリック スニーカー スタジアム[/url] ナイキ エアマックス 90-http://www.kenzotakahashi.com,you from your.

  • carteyroruf

    BRBRIf you are looking for a good b

    If youre reading this, we assume youre a woman and were here to help you Shock your closet with newest, hottest and flyest affordable womens tops, handbags, scarves, denim, or sunglasses. Style on a budget is the name of the game. Everyone is Ray Ban Sunglasses on a budget (including the celebs) but we understand how important it is to still look the part, as long as that [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=4934]Ray Ban New Wayfarer Alternatives[/url] part is hot, relevant and super fly!The temples on [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=4933]Ray Ban New Wayfarer Authenticity[/url] these glasses are [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=4938]Ray Ban New Wayfarer Brown Blue[/url] coated by a elastomere material, accepting the wearer to address a helmet, calmly over them. These sun glasses are so ergonomically complete that they accepting been acclimatized by Formula One, Le Mans Series, and coursing drivers aloft the board. Comfort is [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=4936]Ray Ban New Wayfarer Americanag[/url] in accomplishment an activity for drivers, but weight and functionality of [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=4937]Ray Ban New Wayfarer Black Rubber[/url] the glasses is key, as well.

    See how modern contact lenses can help your eyes to feel and see well.Today, the new generation of lenses, made from a different material (silicone hydrogel lenses), have much higher oxygen permeability.It is essential to buy lenses which are polarized, as it protects the eyes from harmful ultraviolet rays, and many health care professional recommend people to use sunglasses for all outdoor activities. Most popular brands like Chanel, Prada, Ray Ban and Arnette have a wide range of polarized sunglasses which best suit this purpose. If you can fit it yourself, practically everything is inexpensive. If you do need expert installing, be ready to pay several thousand bucks to completely equip your residence.Hiring a professional could possibly be a rational decision if you are not familiar with the setting up of video surveillance cameras and other home security equipment.

    com/ incredibly popular? Very well, you almost certainly even know why – because they present you with the sense of type at economical price ranges! This very much is accurate – most of us desire to look good and come to feel beneficial about ourselves – along with a excellent pair of sunglasses sure does lots in reaching this!Online AvailabilityHandle happens Using Gucci GlassesGucci is a designate associated by way of Ray Ban Sunglasses Ray Ban Sunglasses exclusivity and also artist slip on that this trademark seems to have assured to look at to assist you to the nation’s trend aficionados gradually from their beginnings. With models to assist you to widespread persons, Gucci [url=http://www.hannawinery.com/listinfo.php?pid=4935]Ray Ban New Wayfarer Arm Length[/url] finds the place for workers’ coronary heart.

    If you are looking for a good branded item to visit our website apdpromortions.au you find high-quality branded products, items & gifts. Our many promotional items has popular uses like Business gifts, employee relations, orientation programs, corporate communications, incentives and trade show handouts.Beach bagsWhere do you put all those stuff I mentioned above? Beach bags! Beach bags are usually big bags that are made of cloth.Over time, the head, shoulders and upper limb will appear pain, swollen and discomfort. So, do not begrudge the 30-minute daily exercise time, walking, running can make the body to restore health balance. Fifth, stomach is also anxious and angry together with you.

  • Robertei

    To a puritan,オークリーゴルフ [url=http://www.edicionesrie.com/]オークリー サングラス 人気[/url] オークリー アウトレット, acknowledged,オークリー サングラス 人気 [url=http://www.edicionesrie.com/]オークリー サングラス 人気[/url] オークリー 偏光-http://www.edicionesrie.com, to some beginner exciting, to a aiming artist アニアリ トートバッグ [url=http://www.handtohand-combat.com/]アニアリ クラッチバッグ[/url] アニアリ 財布,vitalアニアリ トートバッグ [url=http://www.handtohand-combat.com/]アニアリ ボストンバッグ[/url] アニアリ クラッチバッグ-http://www.handtohand-combat.com,this helped appearance the entire world. It is underpinned リモワ サルサ [url=http://www.yourblogzone.com/]リモワ スーツケース[/url] リモワ アウトレット,byリモワ スーツケース [url=http://www.yourblogzone.com/] リモワ 通販[/url] リモワ スーツケース-http://www.yourblogzone.com,Defined styles,dropping titles, usually are pretty slim ルイヴィトン 財布 [url=http://www.juanpablohospital.com/] ルイヴィトン 財布[/url] ルイヴィトン バッグ 新作 2014, on a lawn. ルイヴィトン 財布 [url=http://www.juanpablohospital.com/] ルイヴィトン バッグ[/url] ルイヴィトン バッグ-http://www.juanpablohospital.com, The actual black match is definitely oneシャネル 財布 2014 新作 [url=http://www.karma-couture.com/]シャネル時計レディース[/url] シャネル時計レディース, that wasシャネル時計レディース [url=http://www.karma-couture.com/]シャネル 財布 2014 新作[/url] シャネル 財布 2014 新作-http://www.karma-couture.com, around for years and years and as often the ダコタ バッグ [url=http://www.standmotores.com/]ダコタローズ[/url] ダコタ バッグ 人気, 30ダコタ 財布 レディース [url=http://www.standmotores.com/] ダコタ バッグ[/url] ダコタ バッグ-http://www.standmotores.com, is very little apart from changes.

  • Williamrar

    a few アディダスジャージ [url=http://www.ksessuccess.org/]アディダス スニーカー[/url] アディダス スニーカー キッズ, aesthetic アディダス スニーカー インヒール [url=http://www.ksessuccess.org/] アディダス スニーカー レディース[/url] アディダス スニーカー メンズ-http://www.ksessuccess.org, Dick, as described through Vivienne Westwood is in コーチ 財布 アウトレット [url=http://www.cheapestvac.com/]コーチ アウトレット[/url] コーチ バッグ, continuous コーチ 財布 アウトレット [url=http://www.cheapestvac.com/]コーチ バッグ 2014[/url] コーチ 財布 アウトレット-http://www.cheapestvac.com, pursuit of brilliance and stillゴルフボール 2014 [url=http://www.jtexperts.com/]ゴルフ ドライバー[/url] ゴルフボール 2014, a significant ゴルフ キャディバッグ レディース [url=http://www.jtexperts.com/]ゴルフ フェアウェイウッド 人気[/url] ゴルフ キャディバッグ レディース-http://www.jtexperts.com, powerful idea three decades アナスイ 人気 [url=http://www.nonphonejobsathome.com/] アナスイミニ[/url] アナスイ バッグ 新作,right afterアナスイ 財布 新作 2014 [url=http://www.nonphonejobsathome.com/] アナスイミニ[/url] アナスイ バッグ 新作-http://www.nonphonejobsathome.com, creation. Perpetuating what she one of a kind design, セイコー ブライツ [url=http://www.casanovainmobiliaria.com/] セイコー 腕時計 メンズ[/url] SEIKO 腕時計, Vivienne Westwood セイコー ブライツ [url=http://www.casanovainmobiliaria.com/] セイコー 腕時計 レディース[/url] セイコー ブライツ-http://www.casanovainmobiliaria.com,marks a whole new inspiring course you can be proud of finishing touchesアウトドア プロダクツ バッグ [url=http://www.hollywoodtruereport.com/]アウトドア リュック[/url] アウトドアプロダクツ アウトレット, and alsoアウトドア リュック [url=http://www.hollywoodtruereport.com/]アウトドア プロダクツ リュック[/url] アウトドア プロダクツ バッグ-http://www.hollywoodtruereport.com, necklaces design and style. Considerably removed from the woman ポールスミス 財布 レディース [url=http://www.ronesansperuk.com/]ポールスミス バッグ[/url] ポールスミス 財布,beginning ポールスミス 財布 [url=http://www.ronesansperuk.com/]ポールスミス アウトレット[/url] ポールスミス バッグ メンズ-http://www.ronesansperuk.com,connected with Punk; a comprehensive variety from the womanイルビゾンテ 財布 レディース [url=http://www.rebounderexercise.com/]イルビゾンテ 財布[/url] イルビゾンテ 財布, recent イルビゾンテ 時計 レディース [url=http://www.rebounderexercise.com/]イルビゾンテ 時計 レディース[/url] イルビゾンテ 財布-http://www.rebounderexercise.com,selections regarding quickly crafted a silk filled duvet scarves,アディダス スニーカー メンズ [url=http://www.cynthiawatrosonline.com/] パトリック スニーカー[/url] アディダス スニーカー メンズ, cufflinks in addition to ニューバランス 574 [url=http://www.cynthiawatrosonline.com/] ニューバランス 574[/url] アディダス スニーカー メンズ-http://www.cynthiawatrosonline.com,a different anecdote to help

  • Charleshic

    Despiteガガミラノ 時計 メンズ [url=http://www.watchtenpojp.com/]ガガミラノ 時計 メンズ[/url] ガガミラノ 時計 メンズ,an increasingガガミラノ 時計 メンズ [url=http://www.watchtenpojp.com/]セイコー アストロン 2014[/url] ディーゼル 時計 メンズ-http://www.watchtenpojp.com, informal community, egyptゴルフ フェアウェイウッド 人気 [url=http://www.golf2014jp.com/] ゴルフ アイアン 人気[/url] ゴルフ フェアウェイウッド 人気,lead the wayゴルフドライバー [url=http://www.golf2014jp.com/] ゴルフ パター 人気[/url] ゴルフドライバー-http://www.golf2014jp.com, in relation to extravagance neckwear for men.ケイトスペード 財布 新作 2014 [url=http://www.katesweetsjp.com/]ケイトスペード 財布[/url] ケイトスペード バッグ, The popularhttp://www.katesweetsjp.com, labels connected with Vivienne Westwood, Timothy Everest, Rich James, セーラー万年筆 ボールペン [url=http://www.yoinyoout.com/ru/] パーカー 万年筆[/url] ペリカン 万年筆,any where from パーカー ボールペン [url=http://www.yoinyoout.com/ru/] パーカー ボールペン[/url] ペリカン ボールペン-http://www.yoinyoout.com/ru, this company company to the performsトゥミ バッグ 2014 [url=http://www.nayaritvacationrentals.com/mi/]トゥミ バッグ 2014[/url] トゥミ ビジネスバッグ, along with トゥミ 26108 [url=http://www.nayaritvacationrentals.com/mi/] トゥミ ビジネスバッグ[/url] トゥミ バッグ 2014-http://www.nayaritvacationrentals.com/mi,A single will get Gucci cheap ジャックスペード 人気 [url=http://www.kateshopjp.com/]ケイトスペード バッグ 新作[/url] ジャックスペード 人気, bootsケイトスペード バッグ 新作 [url=http://www.kateshopjp.com/] ケイトスペード アウトレット[/url] ジャックスペード 人気-http://www.kateshopjp.com, withsome sort of dim orange overcoat.

  • Williamrar

    a couple ofアディダス スニーカー メンズ [url=http://www.ksessuccess.org/] アディダス スニーカー コラボ[/url] アディダスジャージ, beauty アディダス スニーカー コラボ [url=http://www.ksessuccess.org/] アディダス オリジナルス[/url] アディダス スニーカー メンズ-http://www.ksessuccess.org, Punk, since characterized by means of Vivienne Westwood was in コーチ 財布 [url=http://www.cheapestvac.com/] コーチ 時計[/url] コーチ アウトレット, continualコーチ バッグ 2014 [url=http://www.cheapestvac.com/] コーチ バッグ[/url] コーチ バッグ 2014-http://www.cheapestvac.com, search for perfection nonetheless ゴルフ キャディバッグ レディース [url=http://www.jtexperts.com/]ゴルフ フェアウェイウッド 人気[/url] ゴルフ クラブセット, a seriousゴルフ ドライバー [url=http://www.jtexperts.com/] ゴルフ キャディバッグ レディース[/url] ゴルフ クラブセット-http://www.jtexperts.com, persuasive notion thirty years アナスイ 人気 [url=http://www.nonphonejobsathome.com/] アナスイミニ[/url] アナスイミニ,soon after アナスイミニ [url=http://www.nonphonejobsathome.com/] アナスイ アウトレット[/url] アナスイ バッグ 新作-http://www.nonphonejobsathome.com, beginning. Perpetuating her very own unique fashion, セイコー時計 新作 2014 [url=http://www.casanovainmobiliaria.com/] セイコー 腕時計 メンズ[/url] セイコー時計 新作 2014, Vivienne Westwood セイコー ブライツ [url=http://www.casanovainmobiliaria.com/] セイコー スピリット[/url] セイコー時計 新作 2014-http://www.casanovainmobiliaria.com,scars the latest inspiring course for men decorative accentsアウトドアプロダクツ アウトレット [url=http://www.hollywoodtruereport.com/]アウトドア プロダクツ リュック[/url] アウトドア プロダクツ リュック, andアウトドア リュック [url=http://www.hollywoodtruereport.com/]アウトドアプロダクツ アウトレット[/url] アウトドアプロダクツ アウトレット-http://www.hollywoodtruereport.com, diamond jewelry style. Very good taken off your ex ポールスミス アウトレット [url=http://www.ronesansperuk.com/]ポールスミス バッグ メンズ[/url] ポールスミス アウトレット,early days ポールスミス バッグ メンズ [url=http://www.ronesansperuk.com/]ポールスミス バッグ[/url] ポールスミス 財布-http://www.ronesansperuk.com,regarding Dick; an extensive selection by the womanイルビゾンテ アウトレット [url=http://www.rebounderexercise.com/] イルビゾンテ バッグ[/url] イルビゾンテ 時計 レディース, latest イルビゾンテ バッグ [url=http://www.rebounderexercise.com/]イルビゾンテ アウトレット[/url] イルビゾンテ アウトレット-http://www.rebounderexercise.com,selections involving carefully constructed cotton jewelry,ユービック スニーカー [url=http://www.cynthiawatrosonline.com/] ニューバランス 574[/url] ニューバランス 996, cufflinks in addition to アディダス スニーカー レディース [url=http://www.cynthiawatrosonline.com/]アディダス スニーカー レディース[/url] ナイキ スニーカー 人気-http://www.cynthiawatrosonline.com,one more anecdote for you to